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ICSI has served to be a ray of hope, especially for the ones who have been facing some complex issues in concern to the infertility. ICSI is a conventional IVF procedure in which the fertilization of egg is chiefly obtained via a different approach.  ICSI is a part of the IVF cycle, which includes the same steps as IVF. In such instances, where male infertility is the real cause of the infertility, and sperm is unable to fertilize the egg, ICSI is recommended to be the first line of treatment. 

Sperm retrieval

Firstly, the sperms must be collected from the male partner. In cases, when one witnesses low sperm count, it can be done through normal ejaculation. 

Collecting the eggs

Women shall be rendered with some fertility medication to produce several matured eggs. These eggs are then retrieved from the vagina with the use of vaginal ultrasound, under anesthesia, and then those retrieved eggs are incubated in the laboratory under precise conditions.

The steps of ICSI procedure –

1. In a specialized pipette, a mature sperm is retrieved.

2. A delicate and thin needle is further used to immobilize and pick up the sperm.

3. The needle is then used to insert the sperm into the cytoplasm of the egg.

4. Post injecting the sperm, the needle is then carefully removed.

5. The very next day those eggs are checked for fertilization.

Once fertilization occurs, the ICSI procedure is complete. The next step incorporates the transfer of embryo into the uterus of woman within two, three or five days. After two weeks a pregnancy test is conducted to confirm the pregnancy.  

 Advantages of ICSI treatment-

  • ICSI is a procedure that helps in eliminating the male infertility factor by facilitating introduction of sperm cells directly into an egg.
  • ICSI is the perfect solution to the main causes of male infertility like low sperm count, poor motility, and poor sperm shape.
  • ICSI has been proved to be beneficial when not only in cases of male infertility factor but also for the ones who have been paralyzed or have had in irreversible vasectomy.
  • It is the most preferable option for the couples who had tried yet have failed at standard IVF treatment.